Fashion Terms New And Old

While I once blogged a part of this blog elsewhere, I’ve added a bonus to this one by listing terms old and new for all sorts of clothing like coats, pants, hats, shoes, skirts etc. This makes for a lot of information. Even though I couldn’t possibly cover everything, I think you’ll find lots of useful details here.

Clothing and its condition says as much about our characters as they do on real people.

The trick to writing the description of clothing so it doesn’t sound like a fashion magazine isn’t easy.

 

When ever possible, let clothing and the character’s appearance leak into the scene.That is, the reader can see the character but the description doesn’t interfere with the action of the story

Example: She sat, smiled and nodded her head. Beneath the table, her damp fists crushed the delicate silk of her evening gown while her kid boots tapped a rapid rhythm. This doesn’t sound like a description of clothing at all because it shows that not only is she’s dressed well, but also that she’s nervous.

 Clothing descriptions in an action scene is not the norm because detailed descriptions slow the action. There are exceptions, specifically if the costume has a part in the scene.

Example: Set up: In my book Love and Fortune the heroine is a distraction while a group of Yankees soldiers surround a band of weary Rebels. Thus, her attire is important to this scene.

 The dancer was one with the music … She raised softly curved arms, and a myriad of gold bangles jangled to the rhythm of the mounting beat. Only her green feline eyes were visible above the diaphanous red silk draped loosely about her head and across the lower half of her face. A red peasant blouse slipped down one shoulder, sparking the imaginations of her hushed, gray-uniformed audience. Inky tresses swirled about her undulating hips, hips that invited a man’s caress. … She pivoted abruptly and dashed into the oblivion of the night. Gradey started to rise, but the clicking of rifles being cocked and aimed froze him in place.

 Then of course, there’s times when a character arrives on stage, requiring a quick description of their appearance and little more. For those times, the word lists below come in handy.

Knowing the exact name of a fashion saves words and gives the reader an instant picture: Hobble-skirt, mini skirt, peasant blouse, cravat, kid gloves, pea coat, dickey etc. These terms might also describe the era when the story takes place.

Note: Don’t waste time and words describing an unimportant character who makes only one appearance in the book. Lengthy descriptions imply the character is important to the story.

Below is a list of my fashion terms for women and men. Keep in mind that descriptions of men’s attire should lend themselves to masculinity and durability with a bit of suave thrown into the mix.

By themselves these terms sound like they were taken right out of a fashion magazine. Their beauty is more evident when they’re used to trim a wordy description to a concise expression.

Don’t forget to look over the Definitions Lists at the end of the blog.

General Fashion Terms and Phrases for Women

Accented with

Accentuated waist

Accessorized

Aesthetic quality

Bold detail

Characterized by

Charming

Clean lines

Contrasted

Cut generously

Daring creation

Dazzling sparkles

Deep pleats

Delicate and lacy

Displayed her assets

Dominate stripe

Drama

Eccentric designs

Essential elements

Exotic

Figure fattering

Fitted, tailored to fit

Flair for the spectacular

Flaring

Floaty and sheer

Flowing

Form fitting

Frame the face

French cut panties

Fresh, spring colors

Fullness

Graceful silhouette

Great daring and originality

Harmony

Harsh tones

Height of propriety

Highlighted by

Hot little off-the-shoulder number

Indulge herself with

Latest craze Lavished with ruffles/lace

Lively print

Luxurious silk

Made a statement

Masterfully rendered in

Mode of dress

Modified the hemline

Motif of *** swirled around the hem

Noble simplicity

Ornate

Ostentatious extravagance

Outlined – figure, hem, sleeves

Piping detail

Plunging neckline

Portray the rich variety in design

Prestige of the label

Provocative

Prudish length

Rare

Richly decorated

Romantic

Rounded collar

Sashed at the waist

Savvy cut

Shabby chic

Shapeless

Shapely Profile

Silky scarves

Simplicity

Slim lines

Soft, supple

Spectacular style

Stunning

Stylistic mélange

Taste

Thin as a Vail of tears

Trailing

Trends

Trimmed

Velvety soft

Vogue

Terms and Phrases for Men’s Fashion

Adds endless fashion mile

Black, a logical choice for man of noir

Bold colors for bolder men

Charting a new coarse in men’s tailoring

Convenient

Conventional

Crew neck

Cushioned inner soles

Dressy but dashing

Durable

Enhanced

Expensive masculine leather

Sporty elegance

Geared to a man’s needs

Generously cut

Hand-crafted

Handsomely tailored

Heavy duty

Indispensable

Intricately tooled

Lightweight

Long-range wear

Look sharp, dynamic

Moves from boardroom to beyond

Nattily unkempt

Necessary wardrobe staple

Powerful shoulders

Prerequisite for the outdoor man

Relaxed fit

Sharp front pleats

Step out on the town in these

Sturdy

Comfort you never want to take off

A tie to set off the strong lines of dark suit

Traditional

Two great versatile pieces

Unsurpassed comfort

Well groomed

Wrinkle resistant

Less Than Presentable

All flash no dash

Beauty blight

Bedraggled

Blowzy over-done

Streetwalker chic

Boots with newspaper stuffed inside to cover the holes in the soles

Cleaned his boot toes on his trouser legs

Clothes painted on her

Donned grubbies to do the yard work

Dress gone limp in the heat

Dressed like an unmade bed

Dressed like he’s fleeing a fire

Ensemble clashes

Feet were miserably shod

Flamboyant colors clashed with her hair

Foul-smelling socks

Gaudy/gauche

Gowns cut to see level

High water pants, flood pants

Housedress that looked like a slipcover

Huge hat with a hectic array of feathers, bird’s nest and bird

If she’s class, it doesn’t show on her back

It’s called the tacky cut

Jeans deliberately torn and frayed

Misshapen straw hat perched at a jaunty angle

Motley hat tilted over one eye

Off-beat/kinky/Bohemian/hippie/beatnik

Old mossback cares nothing for fashion

Poured into her jeans

Resembles Rummage Sal

Scandalous lack of decency

Seedy taste

Shabby as a hobo

Shows more of her self than she does style

So nondescript as to go unnoticed

Tattered cast-offs, patched hand-me-downs

Teen uniform of blue jeans, scruffy T-shirt, dirty sneakers and no socks

Threadbare/napless/frayed/holey/dilapidated/misshapen

Vermin ridden/lice fleas/bedbugs

Walking billboard for

Whites that looked gray

Wretched condition of

Getting Dressed

Array

Attire

Bundle up

Change

Clad

Cloaked

Costumed herself

Doll up

Don

Dress fit to kiss

Dress to the nines

Dude up

Equip

Garb

Get beautiful

Get glizted

Getting ready

Glammed

Gown up

Groom

Gussy up

Invest

Make ready

Outfit himself

 

Primp

Rig up

Shroud

Slicked up

Slip on or into

Snaz up

Spiff up

Spruce up

Suit up

Swaddle

Swath

Wrapped in

General Terms of Clothing

General Alternative Names for Clothing

Array

Attire

Best bib and tucker

Costume

Doodads

Drapery

Duds

Ensemble

Evening dress, wear

Fashion

Finery

Flashery

Frippery

Frocks

Garb

Garments

Garmenture

Gear

Getup

Gladrags

Grubbies

Guadery

Guise

Habiliment

Hand-me-downs

Outfit

Rags

Raiment

Regalia

Rigging

Suit of clothes

Suit up

Sunday-go-to-meetin’

Threads

Togs

Trapping

Trousseau

Uniforms

Wardrobe

Weeds

Wraps

Definitions

Coats

Blazer – jacket tailored similar to man’s jacket; worn for semi-casual occasions by men and women

Bolero – short jacket ending just above the waist; worn by men and women

Burnoose – cape or cloak with a hod worn by Moors, Abrabs etc

Capote – hooded cape; in 1775, a woman’s mantle enveloping the wearer from head to toe; in 1804, man’s mantle with a collar and a wide shoulder-cape; a wide cloak generally in heavy cloth with or without a hood, appearing as part of military and college uniforms and some civilian uniforms

Cutaway coat – formal wear for a man, some with swallow-tail or tails

Dolman – woman’s cape-like coat; woman’s coat with sleeves wide at the armholes and narrower writs

Greatcoat/overcoat – early18th century English surcoat/overcoat with a flat collar topped with smaller collar that could be raised to protect face; in France called the redingote

Mackinaw coat – short coat of thick wool and often in plaid design

Manteau – woman’s cape or cloak

Mantle – wrap, cape, sleeveless cloak

Nehru jacket – lightweight Indian jacket with oriental style stand-up collar; popular in the 1960s

Pea coat – thick woolen coat of short length worn by sailors in winter

Parka – winter hooded jacket usually coming just below hips

Pelisse – long cloak with arm openings, worn by women

Raccoon coat – long, bulky coat of raccoon fur worn by both sexes in 1920s

Raincoat – mackintosh, oilskins, slicker, tarpaulin

Rebozon – Mexican; colorful shawlRedingote – (1)Adapted for women about 1785; lighter unlined version of the man’s redingote; worn open down the front almost like a gown. (2) Men’s double-breasted long overcoat; wide-cut collared coat worn for riding and traveling; appeared about 1725; in 19th century it replaced the coat for town wear; the front panels were in one piece instead of being cut like those of the habit

Safari jacket – usually khaki in color; a hip length jacket with large front pockets and belted at waist

Serape – Mexican, colorful blanket with a hole in center for the head to form an armless coat

Stadium – long coat often of water repellent material with a drawstring hood and large pockets; sometimes the material appears to be quilted; worn for observing sports events

Surcoat – (1) Man’s close-fitting overcoat (2) Coat worn over armor in medieval times

Trench coat – long overcoat or rain coat buttoning down the front and belted around the waist; usually associated with a detective’s wearTuxedo – men’s semi-formal wear

Ulster – long, loose-fitted overcoat

Windbreaker – lightweight nylon jacket; usually zips up the front and often has a drawstring hood

Neckwear

Cravet -band or scarf worn around the neck mostly by men; 19th century

Dickey – detachable collar for women’s blouse; sometimes a fake turtle neck worn by men and women

Eton collar – wide stiff collar worn with a short jacket

Fichu – woman’s triangular kerchief worn around the neck, ends crossed or otherwise brought together over the bosom

Guimpe/chemisette/jabot/tucker – woman’s neck ornament of lace etc.; worn with a dress having a low-cut neckline or openwork bodice

Man’s neck tie – cravat, kerchief, neckcloth, neckerchief, ascot, foulard, four-in-hand (tied in a slip knot with the ends hanging), Windsor tie (silk tied in a loose double bow or tight double knot

Muffler – scarf worn about the neck by men and women for winter warmth

Peter pan collar – short collar with rounded ends on a woman’s dress, blouse, etc.

 

Ruff – collar of gathered material, popular in the 16th century; wearer appeared to have no neck

Stock – collar fitting the neck like a band

Gloves

Elbow gloves – women’s full glove reaching from hand to elbow; worn with formal attire

Gauntlet – long glove that partially covers the forearm; medieval armored glove

Kid glove made of leather from goat skin

Mitt – long glove, worn by women, covering the forearm and main part of the hand and extending, sometimes, over part of the fingers

Mitten – glove with special space for the thumb only

Mousquetaire – glove with long closed wrist

Trousers

Bell bottom – slacks fitting the thigh closely and flaring at the bottom reminiscent of the old sailor uniforms; popular teen fashion in the 1960s and 70s

Blue jeans – denim trousers with rivets, snaps and zippers

Bermuda shorts – thigh length pants worn by men and women

Capri pants or clam diggers or see pedal pushers – ending just below the knees, usually for women and girls; enjoyed wide popularity in 1940s and 50s and regained popularity in the late 90s

Chinos – khaki-colored sporty slacks worn by men at first and later by women as well

Cords – trousers made of corduroy

Culottes – feminine shorts that give the appearance of a short skirt in the front

Cutoffs – trousers, usually jeans, cut off at or above the knee to make shorts

Ducks – made of ducking material

Hip-huggers – women’s bell-bottom pants or shorts designed to fit below the waist line; popular in the 1960s

Jodhpurs – for riding; wide through the thigh, decreasing to a narrow calf

Knickers, knee breeches – young boys pants, wide through the thigh and ending at or just below the knee; usually worn with tall stockings; worn in 19th century through the 1930s

Overalls – trousers with a bib attached at the front, held up with straps that extend from the back waist up and over the shoulder

Pantaloons – wide at the thigh and ending at the knee or just below

Peg tops – wide at the hip, narrow at the ankle

Plus fours – wide knickers worn for sports

Rompers, jumpers – worn by toddler; often resemble men’s overallys or are a one-piece outfit with pant legs and sleeves, sometimes the feet too

Shorts – casual summer wear for men and women, ending from just below the underwear to below the knee depending on style (short-shorts, brumudas, walking shorts, etc)

Slacks – generic term for trousers for men and women

Ski pants or sitrrup pants – stretch pants with straps or loops that fit around the instep or the feet to keep them from riding up; worn by both sexes

Stovepipe – long pants with close fitting straight legs

Tights – tight leggings with the foot sewn into them

Toreador – Spanish bullfighter’s pants, fitting snugly below the knees; often used as a variation on the modern capri pants

Underwear

Bodystocking -one piece, form-fitting underwear resembling long johns only made with see-through and or stretch material; also called a cat suit or a type of leotard

Bloomers -underpants worn by women; loose and gather at the knee; 19th century version had an open crotch area

Body suit – stretch material that hugs the torso; snap crotch; sometimes the top half is used as a blouse while the bottom is covered by slacks or a skirt; usually worn by women; sometimes by male dancers

Boxers – male underwear that looks like shorts and are worn under trousers

Brassier, bra – in present-day fashion, a band of material with cups for supporting a women’s breasts, some with underwiring; in the 1920s it was very tight to compress the breasts for the shapeless fashions; by 1932 it was designed to separate and support the breasts. Term bra was used by 1937

Briefs – male or female underwear that hugs the crotch and usually elastic at legs and waist; BVD’s is a popular brand name that has become synonymous with briefs

Bust bodice – introduced in 1889; device to support the breasts and worn above the corset; usually made of white coutil, with side boning and laced front and back; some made of cambric, nainsook, longcloth, surah or woven silk or lisle

Bust improvers – about 1883-1896; worn under the camisole; by 1887 they were in the form of cups with wire structure; in early 1890s pads could be worn to enhance the size of the bustline

Bustle – wire framework, cushion, etc to make a woman’s skirt stand out in the rear; popular during the antebellum and Civil war period;framework was collapsible so a woman could sit

Camisole – loose underbodice; under blouse; appeared in the 1840s and worn over the corset

Chemise – a kind of slip or long undershirt worn by women in different styles and lengths through the centuries

 

Combination union suit – one-piece undergarment (top and trousers); long underwear worn by men

Corset cover – worn over the corset, sometimes as a waist

Corset, foundation girdle, stays -supports and forms women’s figure in different styles throughout the times; term corset used referring to undergarment since the 1500s

Crinoline – petticoat of stiff material worn under a full skirt (before, during and slightly after the Civil War)

Drawers, underdrawers – undergarment in style of short trousers; at first, two legs sewn to a waist band, the front crotch area left open for convenience; worn by most women by 1830s;in modern times a generic term for male or female underwear

Farthingale – appeared about 1545 in Spain (verdingale); a petticoat reinforced by graduated hoops of cane, whalebone or wire; cone shape resembling that of the Victorian cage-crinoline

Garters – elastic leg bands used to hold up stockings at the thigh

Girdle – woman’s foundation garment used to smooth and shape the figure; comes in different styles and lengths

Long johns – warm, men’s underwear; sometimes one piece, sometimes two

Pantalettes/pantalets – another term for women’s drawers; worn in the 1800s

Petty pants – much like pantalettes but cut narrower and crotch was not left open; worn during the 1960s in place of a slip; could be worn under slacks and dresses

Shift – old fashion term for chemise

Shimmy – colloquial for chemise

Slip – worn under woman’s dress for modesty

Teddy – one piece undergarment, combining top and loose drawers; snap or hook crotch, sometimes worn as night time garment in place of a nightgown.

Under shirt – worn by men and women, with or without sleeves under clothing for modesty and warmth

Unmentionables – slang; woman’s undergarments

Skirts

Culottes – skirt made with trouser-like separation; a front panel over the gives the look of a skirt

Crinoline – hoop skirt popular in the Ante-bellum South

Dirndl – full skirt that has a tight waist

Gored – skirt with multiple flaring panels

Hip-hugger – low slung waistline usually found on a mini skirt (skirt worn above the knees) during the 1960s

Hobble skirt – long skirt narrowing at the bottom as to impede walking

Hoop skirt – crinoline; civil War fashion; a hoop was often sewn into the hem to hold the skirt out from the body

Kilt – short, plaited skirt worn by men in Scottish Highlands

Lava-lava – short skirt of printed calico worn in Samoa etc

Maxie – ankle-length skirt, full or straight-lined; became popular in the 1960s

Midi -claf length skirt, usually straight line; became popular in the 60s

Pannier – puffed skirt; cage used to give a wide hipped look

Peplum – short skirts attached to a jacket at waist

Sarong – wrap skirt; Hawaiian native style skirt; may be long or short

Wrap-around – skirt that wraps around the body, overlapping in front and tying or buttoning at the waist

Hats

 Balloon – parachute or the Lunardi (after the French balloonist); worn in late 1700s; large and elaborately trimmed with layers of lace and ruching; made of straw, beaver and felt with trimmings in ribbons, bows and feathers

Beanie – brimless, round skullcap worn by children and college freshmen; those worn by children sometimes sported a whirlie fan on top

Beret – small, round hat of cloth, usually worn at a jaunty angle on the head by men or women

Bowler – English term for derby; stiff felt with round crown

Breton – woman’s hat; brim turned up all around

Busby – high fur hat worn by hussars, artillery men etc in British army

Calash – woman’s bonnet or hood; calache or calash was popularized in 1772; lightweight and stiffened with cane or whalebone; constructed with ribbon, it could hide the face; bowl shape with a ruffle around the neck that touched the shoulders; usually worn for walking parties; revived in the 1830s and finally disappeared in the 1850s

Chapeau – man’s top hat introduced in 19th century in Paris; tall crowned, it was worn for formal occasions; made of silk

Cloche – introduced 1920s; silk hat with small brim that fit down over the head and low on forehead

Coif – worn under a veil by nuns, kind of a skullcap

Coolie – Chinese hat of straw or bamboo; wide brimmed and coming to a point at the top; worn mostly by peasantry

Coonskin cap – comprised of raccoon fur and the raccoon’s tail; Davy Crockett hat

Derby, bowler – (slang—kelly) First worn in Britain;small round man’s hat with narrow brim and sported hard round crown; in US known as derby; became fashionable about 1862 for town wear

Dunce cap – cone shaped hat worn by misbehaving student

Fedora -mman’s felt hat with a creased crown and snap brim

Fez – Turkish felt cap in shape of cone; introdced in 1930s

Homburg – man’s felt dress hat with a creased crown and stiff, ribbon-bound rolled brim; first worn about 1901

Madcap – created a stir in the 1930s; knitted tube that could be molded into differing shapes

Mantilla – velvet, lace or the like or a kind of veil covering the head and falling down upon the shoulders

Mobcap – frilled cap formerly worn by women of the 19th century; merely a length of cloth, usually tulle, that covered the hair

Panama – man’s hat fashionable at end of 19th century and beginning ot the 20th; made at first of exotic leaves; later of finely-worked poplar wood; soft straw hats with rounded crowns

Pillbox – woman’s hat introduced in 1930s; Halston created a pill box for Jackie Kennedy

Pork pie – man’s felt hat with round, flat crown and nap brim

Sombrero – Mexican straw or felt hat with high crown and broad, upturned brim

Sou’wester – new England fisherman’s hat with high crown and broad brim that is longer in the back to keep rain off the neck

Snood – woman’s hat in form of netlike bag and worn on the back of the head to hold up the hair

Sum-o’shanter, tam – cap of Scottish orgin with a top that extends over the headband; often decorated with a center tassel

Tarboosh – Mohammedan man’s cap of red cloth or felt, decorated with a long tassel; similar to a fez

Toque – woman’s hat with a soft crown and either very small brim or none at all

Tuque – Canadian knit cap

Wimple – woman’s head covering hidding the entire head, the chin and the neck formerly in general use (Medieval), now used by nuns

Footwear

Boat – canvas shoe with rubber sole that won’t slip on wet slippery surfaces; sometimes a man’s casual loafer type shoe with a rubber sole

Blucher – a kind of half boot

Brogan – strong, heavy or coarse low or high shoe

Buskin – high shoe reaching the calf or beyond; half boot

Clog – shoe with a thick, usually wooden, sole

Cowboy boot – leather boot with high or low shaft to protect the leg; square or pointed toes

Espadrille – rope-soled canvas shoe; sometimes lacing around the ankles; sometimes appearing as a sandal

Flats – woman’s low-heeled shoe; can be casual or dressy

Gaiter – old fashion shoe with elastic on the sides instead of laces or buttons; a kind of high shoe

Galoshes – waterproof boots pulled over shoes

Go-go boots – a short boot with shaft reaching a few inches above the ankle; usually were white color with the mini skirt; enjoyed popularity in the 1960s

Hobnail boot or shoe – soles protected by short nails with large heads

Loafer, shuffler – slip on shoe, slipper; another name is penny loafer

Moccasin – leather slip-on shoe with no heel; often with fringe and beads and originally worn by American Indians

Mule – woman’s house slipper that leaves the back of the heel exposed

Oxford – low shoe with laces or buttons

Pump – mlight low shoe original worn by dancers

Sabot – wooden shoe worn in France, Holland, Belgium etc.

Saddle shoe – light-colored oxford style shoe of leather with darker saddle over the top

Scuff – slipper without a heel; for house wear (see mule)

Sling backs – woman’s shoe with an open heel, held on foot with an ankle strap

Sneaker – soft shoe made for sports; usually made of canvas and rubber, sometimes with leather upper; often called running shoe (tennis shoe)

Thongs – open foot rubber or leather sandals held onto foot with a small strap between the big and second toes.

Wellington boot – man’s boot with a loose top, the front of which is higher than the back; similar boot worn under the trouser leg

Miscellaneous

Aigrette – a spray of feathers or gems worn on a hat or as hair ornament

Alb – white garment for church service worn by a clergyman

Applique – cutting out designs on fabrics and embroidering or sewing them onto a garment for decorative purposes

Bandbox – box holds collars, hats

Bandeau – a band or fillet for the hair

Basque – woman’s blouse with a tight-fitting waist, with or without short skirt or peplum attached (19th century)

Batiste – semi-sheer lightweight cotton fabric with silky texture and a silky look

Bertha – wide collar often made of lace

Bombazine – fine twilled fabric of silk and worsted or cotton; often dyed black for mourning dress

Calico – inexpensive coarse cotton fabric with a plain wave and usually a printed pattern

Cambric – close weave; stiff cotton fabric; slightly glossy

Canonicals, clericals – clergyman’s official dress

Cashmere – soft, light-weight, smooth material in a twill weave; wool or cotton or silk warp; usually plain colors (often used for winter dress in 19th century)

Cassock – close-fitting garment extending to the ground, worn by certain members of the clerby

Chambray – a cotton material always made with a colored and a white filling which produces a grayed effect (like a man’s blue work shirt)

Chantilly lace – delicate lace of silk or linen having scrolled or floral design

Chatelaine – ornamental hook, clasp or brooch worn at a woman’s waist having a chain or ribbon etc attached for keys, trinkets, purse, watch or sewing needs (medieval women wore chatelaines with castle keys attached)

Crepe De Chine – fine soft crepe fabric

Cummerbund – broad pleated sash worn on a dress with drop waistline in the 19th century; pleated fabric belt worn by men with formal attire

Damasse silk – brocaded silk material

Dandify – dressing of male in excessively neat and foppish manner; dapper, well-groomed, spruced up, dapper Dan, decked-out, dressed in high arrogance

Décolletélow neckline on woman’s garb

Dimity – fine, sheer cotton fabric with mall cords or groups of small cords arranged in stripes or cross bars

Dolman – long robe worn by Turks

Dolman sleeves -wide at the armhole and tight at the wrist

Dropped fly – flap on the front of men’s trousers popular up to the 1840s when a standard front fly replaced it.

Ensemble – woman’s outfit of clothing and parts of which go together or harmonize

Epaulette – shoulder ornament (as often seen on a soldier’s uniform)

Faille – ribbed silk fabric; resembling taffeta in look and stiffness

Garibaldi – full-bodied shirtwaist or blouse worn by women and often cinched with a belt

Haberdashery – men’s clothing; suits; sometimes men’s stores were called a haberdashery

Henrietta – fine woolen cloth

Invest – dress or cloth in the badges and decorations of office, rank etc.

Kimono – characteristic of Japanese; wide-sleeved outer garment like a wrap robe, often flowing to the floor

Lambrequin – scarf worn over a hat to protect against rain, wind and sun

Linsey-woolsey – wool and linen fabric

Livery – uniform of a male servant

Man who pays inordinate attention to his person – Beau Brummell, coxcomb, dandy, dude, fop, jack-a-dandy, popinjay, toff, buck

Negligee – informal dress of a female, usually night gown and matching robe (peignoir)

Organdy – sheer, stiff, very lightweight cotton, transparent and not durable

Pagoda sleeve – bell-shaped sleeve

Panniers – underskirts stretched over metal hoops; round at first then dome; appeared about 1718-20 and remained in fashion under various forms until French Revolution; middle of century the one-piece pannier was replaced by two pieces, one on each hip; by 1750 only half-panniers were worn

Panoply – complete suit of armor; comlete and magnificent ornamental dress

Percale – cotton fabric with a plain weave; firm construction, dull finish

Pinafore – female child’s apron covering most of the dress, sleeveless, and often with ruffles around armholes and a sash that ties at the back

Ramie – cloth similar to linen, made of ramie fiber; strong, fine and durable

Sackcloth – clothing worn in token penitence

Sari – chief outer garment of Hindu women; made of single long piece of material, usually silk or cotton and wound around the body with one end loose to cover the head.

Sateen – heavy mercerized cotton fabric; not as soft as silk

Swiss – a fine thin cotton fabric of loose weave; dotted swigs, Swiss muslin with dots of heavier yarn

Taffeta -mplain closely woen, rahter stiff silk fabric with dull luster

Tarlatan – cotton, loose construction; used for fancy dress costumes and decorative purposes and for petticoats

Toga – loose garment of ancient Romans’ material is clasped on one shoulder while the other goes bared; long and flowing

Toilette – female bathing and combing of hair (grooming); articles used for purposes of grooming

Trousseau – bride’s outfits of clothing and other personal possessions as jewelry, linens etc.

Vestment – cover the body as clothing

Vestry – room in a church where church garments are kept

Voile – cotton, silk and wool, a fabric made of fine, hard-twisted yarns with a plain weave and open mesh; sheer; used for summer clothing

Wardrobe – the sum of one’s clothing; a cabinet where clothing is kept (closet)

Weeds – mourning clothing

Wraps – out-door clothing; cold weathe

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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